On November 8th, the Francisco Pope scolded the bishops, the fathers and the believers who gathered for mass in Vatican Piazza San Pietro to put their smartphones down.
"When I perform mass, a great number of people raise their smartphones, and take photos. Not only do the believers do this, but the fathers and bishops too, and I was very sad." the Pope claimed to the bishops who used their smartphones to take pictures of him.
The Pope said "fathers may call on the believers to raise their hearts highly, however, they never tell the believers to raise their smartphones highly."
(Resource: https://headlines.yahoo.co.jp/hl?a=20171110-00000009-jij-eurp )
I think this incident represents the recent world. In Japan, where I live, everyone uses their smartphones anytime and anywhere. For example, I am a hasty person so I often walk very fast, however, the person in front of me tends to be walking very slowly. Why? I looked at the person and I understood. They are walking, whilst using their smartphones!!! I happen to come across many situations like this.
Speaking of which, how many people own a smartphone in this world?
In 2016, about 2 billion people own them and it is estimated that in 2018 about 2.5 billion people will. (Resource: http://jbpress.ismedia.jp/articles/-/42463 )
(Resource: http://www.garbagenews.net/archives/1962431.html )
Look at these graphs. It shows the number of mobile phone contracts in each country in the year 2000 and 2016. In 2000, the top three countries were the US, China and Japan. However, in 2016, the top three countries are China, India and the US. In addition, the fourth is Indonesia. According to these data, a lot of Asian people in developing countries have come to own a mobile phone.
(Resource: ITU,“ICT Data and Statistics （IDS）)
Next, look at this graph. This shows the mobile phone diffusion rate of Indonesia(red), Philippines(blue), Cote d'Ivoire(orange), Kenya(green), Syria(light blue), and Japan(purple). According to this graph, mobile phones diffused sharply in developing countries. This is due to how the infrastructure, such as electric wires, was not secured in those countries and mobile phones were easier to spread than landlines.
For people in developing countries, the appearance of mobile phones was a very potent thing. They were influenced by mobile phones very much. For example, according to field work that Hitachi Res. Inst. carried out in the Bekae village, which is a no electrification village of Indonesian Sulawesi in 2010, TV’s, refrigerators or washing machines were rare, but mostly all the households owned a two-wheeled vehicle, a mobile phone, and a generator. Since they cannot charge a mobile phone in the village due to the lack of its electricity, they drive to the city for two hours using their vehicle in order to charge their mobile phones. In other words, the mobile phones have become a necessity that they spend coming and going four hours just to charge. Why? Bekae village only has a very limited number of TV’s and radios. The value of information is high, simply because it is an environment that can easily become a solitary island. Furthermore, it is indispensable in management for a farmhouse to know which farm products brokers buy at a high price and what kind of pesticide is being sold. For these reasons, mobile phones are especially essential for them.
As this research proves, mobile phones diffused before other society infrastructures such as electricity and water service were completed. Developing countries trace a course of development different from developed nations. Thus, I think that they can come up with ideas that people in developed countries would not expect. Therefore, the developing countries may become the ones lead us in the future.